Week1: Course Introduction and Effective Word Choice

Lesson 1-Course Introduction and Meanings of Words随堂测验

1、Which one is not the standard for foreign language proficiency in America?
    A、communication
    B、cultures
    C、connections
    D、competition

2、According to Dr. Herron James, the most effective way of cultivating a critical mind is to give him a comprehensive training in writing.

Lesson 1-Course Introduction and Meanings of Words随堂测验

1、What is denotation of a word?
    A、Denotation is the dictionary definition of a word.
    B、It is basically the literal meaning.
    C、It is the direct or explicit meaning of a word or phrase.
    D、All of them.

2、Synonyms always have the same connotations.

3、Connotation is a ______________ or idea that a word makes people think of. It is the mental, emotional and social connections our minds make with a word.

Lesson 2-Levels of Words随堂测验

1、From a stylistic point of view, how many different groups of words do we have in total? What are they?
    A、formal words
    B、common words
    C、colloquial words
    D、slangs

2、We use formal writing when writing essays for school or cover letter to apply for jobs.

Lesson 3-Specific and General Words随堂测验

1、The question “How to choose words?” largely depends on:
    A、What kind of feeling you are expressing: positive, or negative?
    B、What kind of writing style you are adopting: formal or informal?
    C、How to make your writing vivid & clear?
    D、All of them

2、Which one is more general than others?
    A、A good man
    B、A warm-hearted man
    C、A brave man
    D、An honest man

3、The word "scientist" is a specific word when compared with "professional"; while it may be called a general word when compared with "chemist".

4、What are five senses? They include: the sense of sight, hearing, ________, smell, and touch.

Test 1 for Course Introduction and Effective Word Choice

1、__________ form the basis of English vocabulary.
    A、Formal words
    B、Common words
    C、Colloquial words
    D、Slang words

2、__________ are very informal words used especially by particular groups of people.
    A、Formal words
    B、Common words
    C、Colloquial words
    D、Slang words

3、______ are learned words, or literary words, or big words.
    A、Formal words
    B、Common words
    C、Colloquial words
    D、Slang words

4、______ are usually used in casual and informal conversation.
    A、Formal words
    B、Common words
    C、Colloquial words
    D、Slang words

5、All three of these following expressions refer to exactly the same people, but they will invoke different associations in the reader's mind: 1. There are over 2,000 vagrants in the city. 2. There are over 2,000 people with no fixed address in the city. 3. There are over 2,000 homeless in the city. Which of the following item shows the correct feelings?
    A、negative, neutral, positive
    B、negative, positive, neutral
    C、positive, neutral, negative
    D、neutral, negative, positive

6、Choose those that are connotations of the word “dog”.
    A、friendly
    B、domestic animal
    C、barking
    D、faithful
    E、wicked
    F、a pet
    G、a quadruped

7、Choose those that are connotations of the word "ocean".
    A、a large body of salt water that covers approximately 70% of the earth’s surface
    B、appears different shades of blue
    C、often with waves and currents
    D、contains various types of plant and marine animal life
    E、peace
    F、tranquility
    G、expansiveness
    H、the unknown
    I、the power of nature

8、“NBA player” is more general than "Kobe Bryant".

9、“Stroll” is more specific than "walk".

10、“Cry” is more general than "sob".

11、“Furious” is a specific word when compared with the word "angry".

12、Plain, direct writing is the most effective way to express your ideas.

13、“Assertive” vs. “Pushy”: Being Assertive usually has positive connotations (being confident, decisive, letting your views be known) whereas Pushy has a negative connotation (being excessively assertive to the point of aggression or annoyance).

14、“Group” vs. “Mob”: A Mob has a negative connotation of an unruly group, often with a violent purpose, whereas Group is neutral, and just means a number of people or things which are together.

15、“Disabled” vs. “Retarded”: Retarded is the accepted way to refer to someone with a handicap, Disabled, on the other hand, is considered offensive with very negative connotations and should not be used.

16、“Curious” vs. “Nosy”: Nosy has a positive connotation, implying that the person is eager to know and learn. Curious, on the other hand, implies a negative way of being overly curious or prying into other people’s business.

17、“Scent” vs. “Stench”: Both words mean “smell,” but Scent is often used to describe good smells (flowers, baked goods, etc.) while Stench connotes a negative smell.

18、“Economical” vs. “Stingy”: Both words describe something or someone who is frugal with money; however, economical (being smart with money) has a positive connotation and stingy has a negative one (often used to describe someone who is greedy or selfish with their money).

19、“Fired” vs. “Laid off”: Both words are used to describe losing one’s job. Laid off has a negative connotation (the person did something wrong) whereas Fired suggests a reason where the person losing their job was not at fault.

20、“Protest” vs. “Riot”: Protest has a more peaceful connotation, referring to something lawful whereas Riot is often used to connote a violent gathering of people who may be breaking the law.

21、“Youthful” vs. “Childish”: Both describe the state of being similar to a child, but Youthful has a positive connotation (vibrant, lively, energetic) and Childish has a negative connotation (immature, juvenile, having the emotional maturity of a child)

22、Lady Yang, being _____(fat/plump), became the apple in the eyes of Emperor Xuanzong. (Choose the appropriate one from the given words, and fill in the blank.)

23、This dress is _________ (expensive/overpriced). You see, its material is low-end and crumples easily. (Choose the appropriate one from the given words, and fill in the blank.)

24、After brainstorming, she first came up with ________ (innovative/crazy) ideas that really worked for the project. (Choose the appropriate one from the given words, and fill in the blank.)

25、If you become too ______ (focused/obsessed) in the games playing, you may fail in the final exam. (Choose the appropriate one from the given words, and fill in the blank.)

26、He was     (flipping/checking through)a magazine in the living room. (Choose the informal word from the given ones, and fill in the blank.)

27、With Google search engine, are people getting______(foolish/dumb)? (Choose the informal word from the given ones, and fill in the blank.)

Week2: Effective Sentences & Writing Process

Lesson 1-Types of Sentences随堂测验

1、According to function, sentences can be divided into ______________.
    A、declarative sentences
    B、interrogative sentences
    C、imperative sentences
    D、exclamatory sentences

2、From a rhetorical point of view, sentences are divided into _____________.
    A、loose sentences
    B、periodic sentences
    C、balanced sentences
    D、complex sentences

3、According to function, sentences can be divided into simple, compound, complex or compound-complex sentences.

Lesson 2-Common Problematic Sentences随堂测验

1、Which sentence is not correct about misplaced modifier?
    A、Misplaced modifiers are words that, because of awkward placement, do not describe what the writer intended them to describe.
    B、A misplaced modifier can make a sentence confusing or unintentionally funny.
    C、To avoid misplaced modifier, we can place words as close as possible to what they describe.
    D、A misplaced modifier is a word or phrase, often a participle or participial phrase, that doesn't actually modify the word it's intended to modify.

2、Faulty pronoun reference refers to a pronoun that doesn't refer clearly and unambiguously to its antecedent.

Test-2 for Effective Sentences

1、According to structure, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station.
    A、Simple
    B、Compound
    C、Complex
    D、Compound-complex

2、According to structure, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived, so I did not see them at the bus station.
    A、Simple
    B、Compound
    C、Complex
    D、Compound-complex

3、According to structure, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.
    A、Simple
    B、Compound
    C、Complex
    D、Compound-complex

4、According to structure, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station, but I did not see them, because they had left before I arrived at the station.
    A、Simple
    B、Compound
    C、Complex
    D、Compound-complex

5、According to function, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? July 4th is Independence Day of United State.
    A、Declarative
    B、Imperative
    C、Exclamatory
    D、Interrogative

6、According to function, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? Drop what you’re doing and come celebrate with us!
    A、Declarative
    B、Imperative
    C、Exclamatory
    D、Interrogative

7、According to function, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? Oh, my goodness, I won!
    A、Declarative
    B、Imperative
    C、Exclamatory
    D、Interrogative

8、According to function, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? Do you want Coke or Pepsi?
    A、Declarative
    B、Imperative
    C、Exclamatory
    D、Interrogative

9、From a rhetorical point of view, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? If you’ve got the time, we’ve got the beer.
    A、Balanced
    B、Periodic
    C、Loose
    D、Both periodic and loose

10、From a rhetorical point of view, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? At last, with no small difficulty, and after much fatigue, through deep roads and bad weather, we came to our journey's end.
    A、Balanced
    B、Periodic
    C、Loose
    D、Both periodic and loose

11、From a rhetorical point of view, which kind of sentence does the following sentence belong to? We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom, symbolizing an end as well as a beginning, signifying renewal as well as change.
    A、Balanced
    B、Periodic
    C、Loose
    D、Both balanced and loose

12、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling modifier?
    A、To raise a good dog, patience is useful.
    B、Moving slowly, Bowie stalked the rabbits.
    C、After eating the catfood, Bowie belched.
    D、None of them.

13、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling modifier?
    A、Pedrito got into serious trouble missing the grammar quiz last Monday.
    B、To complete the grammar quiz on time, you will have to click your heels three times.
    C、When taking a grammar quiz, concentration is everything.
    D、None of them.

14、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling modifier?
    A、On completing the grammar quiz, putting the pencil aside is acceptable.
    B、Wearing a helmet is a sign of a healthy awareness of death.
    C、When she talks to her parents, she is reminded that she is lucky that they are happy and healthy.
    D、None of them.

15、Which of the following sentences has a misplaced modifier?
    A、He only talks about changing his habits.
    B、A dog appeared in my dreams that sang like an angel.
    C、The steak on the grill is hers.
    D、None of them.

16、"Her hair was yellow, and her face was yellow because she had been born in India and had always been ill in one way or another". (The Secret Garden) This sentence is a _______________.
    A、simple sentence
    B、compound sentence
    C、complex sentence
    D、compound-complex sentence

17、"She was grinding her teeth and saying this over and over again when she heard her mother come out on the veranda with someone." (The Secret Garden) This sentence is a _____________.
    A、simple sentence
    B、compound sentence
    C、complex sentence
    D、compound-complex sentence

18、"Dimly, dazed by the searing pain in his arm, he slid sideways on his rain-drenched broom, one knee still crooked over it, his right arm dangling useless at his side." (Harry Porter) This sentence is a _____________.
    A、simple sentence
    B、compound sentence
    C、complex sentence
    D、compound-complex sentence

19、"The lovely house by the seaside had to be sold immediately, and the little boy, carrying nothing but a small suitcase containing a pair of pyjamas and a toothbrush, was sent away to live with his two aunts." (James and the Giant Peach) This sentence is a _____________.
    A、simple sentence
    B、compound sentence
    C、complex sentence
    D、compound-complex sentence

20、Which of the following sentences is correct.
    A、I went to a party last night, I left early because I didn’t feel well.
    B、I went to a party last night but left early because I didn’t feel well.
    C、I went to a party last night, but I left early because I didn’t feel well.
    D、I went to a party last night. I left early because I didn’t feel well.

21、Two of the following sentences are correct. Pick them up.
    A、This next chapter has a lot of difficult information in it, you should start studying right away.
    B、This next chapter has a lot of difficult information in it. You should start studying right away.
    C、This next chapter has a lot of difficult information in it; you should start studying right away.
    D、This next chapter has a lot of difficult information in it you should start studying right away.

22、"We decided to go out for a walk. Although it was raining." The second sentence is a sentence fragment, and it can not stand alone. We can correct it by attaching the fragment to its previous sentence: We decided to go out for a walk although it was raining.

23、"The sun is high, put on some sunblock." This is a correct sentence.

Homework-1 for Effective Sentences

1、Review what we have learned today about the types of sentences and try to compose at least one sentence of each different type. 1. Declaractive sentence 2. Interrogative sentence 3. Imperative sentence 4. Exclamatory sentence 5. Compound sentence 6. Complex sentence 7. Compound- complex sentence 8. Loose sentence 9. Periodic sentence 10. Balanced sentence

Week3:Effective Paragraphs

Lesson 1-Understanding of a Paragraph随堂测验

1、Generally speaking, how many parts does a paragraph include? What are they?
    A、topic sentence
    B、supporting sentences
    C、concluding sentence
    D、thesis statement

2、A paragraph can be as short as one sentence or long as ten sentences. The number of sentences is unimportant; however, the paragraph should be long enough to develop the main idea clearly, and completely.

Lesson 2-Components of a Paragraph随堂测验

1、What are the main features for a topic sentence?
    A、It contains a subject and a verb or predicate.
    B、It makes a statement.
    C、It gives a general statement.
    D、It states an opinion.

2、What are two purposes that a concluding sentence serves?
    A、It signals the end of the paragraph.
    B、It leaves the reader with the most important ideas to remember.
    C、It gets the readers interested in reading.
    D、It carries the main idea.

3、All those supporting sentences should give full support to the topic sentence by all means.

4、“By saying specific details” means you should give vivid and persuasive support to your point.

Lesson 3-Structure of a Paragraph随堂测验

1、Which statement is correct about subtopic sentence?
    A、A subtopic sentence is similar to a topic sentence.
    B、A subtopic sentence also states an opinion that needs support.
    C、A subtopic sentence also has two parts: the limited topic and the controlling idea.
    D、All of them.

2、There are two types of structures for writing paragraphs, including a simple version— stage I model, and a more sophisticated version — stage II model.

Lesson 4-Principles for an Effective Paragraph随堂测验

1、Which statement is not correct about “unity”?
    A、Unity means oneness.
    B、Unity means each sentence in the paragraph should clearly relate to and support the main point, as expressed in the topic sentence.
    C、Your paragraph should exclude any ideas that are irrelevant to the main point.
    D、Your paragraph should include as many ideas as possible.

2、As for the principle of “support”, what should we pay attention to in advancing an idea?
    A、We must remember in writing, any idea that we advance must be supported with specific reasons or details.
    B、Is there specific evidence to support the opening point?
    C、Is there enough specific evidence?
    D、All of them.

3、What are the four principles for an effective paragraph?
    A、unity
    B、support
    C、coherence
    D、sentence skills

Test-3 for Effective Paragraphs

1、Which is the topic of “Last night, thick mist made flying impossible”?
    A、light night
    B、thick mist
    C、flying
    D、impossible

2、Which is the topic of “Campus love is just to find a partner to get rid of loneliness and boredom”?
    A、campus love
    B、a partner
    C、loneliness
    D、boredom

3、Which is the topic of “Apple’s corporate should be responsible for distracted driving”?
    A、Apple
    B、Apple’s corporate
    C、be responsible for
    D、distracted driving

4、Which is the topic of “Jack’s behaviors are very weird at the bachelor party”?
    A、Jack
    B、Jack’s behaviors
    C、bachelor
    D、bachelor party

5、Which is the topic of “The housing market has melt down since the great recession in 2008”?
    A、housing market
    B、has melt down
    C、the great recession
    D、2008

6、The following two paragraphs were written by students on the topic “Why Students Drop Out of College”. Read them and decide which one makes its point more clearly and effectively, and why. Samples from "Exploring Writing Paragraphs and Essays"
    A、Paragraph A
    B、Paragraph B
    C、Both of them
    D、None of them

7、The following student paragraphs were written on the topic “A Quality of Some Person You Know”. Both are unified, but one communicates more clearly and effectively. Which one, and why? Samples from "Exploring Writing Paragraphs and Essays"
    A、Paragraph A
    B、Paragraph B
    C、Both of them
    D、None of them

8、The following two paragraphs were written on the topic “The Best or Worst Job You Ever Had”. Both are unified and both are supported. However, one communicates more clearly and effectively. Which one, and why? Samples from "Exploring Writing Paragraphs and Essays"
    A、Paragraph A
    B、Paragraph B
    C、Both of them
    D、None of them

9、Circle the letter of the statement that best applies for this paragraph. Samples from "Exploring Writing Paragraphs and Essays"
    A、The paragraph is not unified.
    B、The paragraph is not adequately supported.
    C、The paragraph is not well organized.
    D、The paragraph is well written in terms of unity, support, coherence, and sentence skills.

10、Fill in the blank with the appropriate transition given below. Use each transition once. Write down the letters only.
    A、a, e, b, d, c, g, f.
    B、d, e, b, c, g, f, a.
    C、a, b, f, d, g, c, e.
    D、d, a, e, b, c, f, g.

11、There are several ways to organize and connect supporting details:
    A、through order
    B、through transition
    C、through other connecting words
    D、All of them

12、Which of the following statement is correct about topic sentence?
    A、Topic sentences control the scope of a parargraph, so do not make them too broad or too general in nature.
    B、Topic sentence control the scope of a paragraph, so do not make them so narrow that you will not have anything much to discuss in the paragraph.
    C、It is most important to write clear topic sentences that direct both you and your reader through the writing.
    D、None of them.

13、Which of the following is effective topic sentence?
    A、This paragraph will deal with the college library.
    B、I am going to write about my job as a gas station attendant.
    C、I do push-ups and sit-ups each morning.
    D、Computers are changing our society.
    E、Exercising every morning has had psitive effects on my health.
    F、Using computers to teach school Children is a mistake.

14、A paragraph is a basic unit of organization in writing.

15、A paragraph can stand alone.

16、A paragraph can be as short as one sentence or long as ten sentences.

17、Usually the topic sentence is the first sentence in academic paragraphs because it lets the reader know immediately what the paragraph will be about.

18、Transitions are words, phrases or sentences that act as bridges between ideas. They make the writing style more fluid.

19、Generally speaking, a paragraph includes three parts. They are ________ sentence, supporting sentences, and concluding sentence.

Homework-2 for Effective Paragraphs

1、Please write down the topic sentence and supporting details for the following paragraph. Education is a third important area in which technology is separating us from others. From elementary schools to colleges, students spend more and more time sitting by themselves in front of computers. The computers give them feedback, while teachers spend more time tending the computers and less time interacting with their classes. A similar problem occurs in homes. As more families buy computers, increasing numbers of students practice their math and reading skills with software programs instead of with their friends, brothers and sisters, and parents. Last, alienation is occurring as a result of DVDS. People are buying DVDS on subjects such as cooking, real estate investment, speaking, and speed-reading. They then practice their skills at home rather than by taking group classes in which a rich human interaction can occur. Topic sentence: ________________________________________(2') Support: 1. __________________________________________ (1') 2. ___________________________________________(1') 3. ___________________________________________(1')

2、The three paragraphs that follow all discuss the same topic. Only one of them shows unity. First read the paragraphs. Then answer these questions. Which paragraph has unity? (1') Which paragraph does not have unity because it discusses two different topics? (2') Which paragraphs does not have unity because it has sentences that are not related to the main topic? (2')

Week4:Effective Essays

Lesson 1-Effective Introduction随堂测验

1、Generally speaking, what is a well-organized essay made up of?
    A、a strong introductory paragraph
    B、well-developed central paragraphs
    C、an effective concluding paragraph
    D、All of them

2、Which statement is true about blueprint?
    A、The blueprint is a summary of the main points you are about to present in the body part.
    B、The blueprint is a list of the ideas to be presented in your topic sentences of following central paragraphs.
    C、The blueprint is an outline of your support.
    D、All of them.

3、What elements should an introductory paragraph include?
    A、a motivator
    B、a thesis statement
    C、a blueprint
    D、a topic sentence

4、A thesis statement is a sentence that clearly tells the reader what the essay will be about, and it often has an opinion to be proved.

Lesson 2-Effective Central Paragraphs and Conclusion随堂测验

1、How many parts should a topic sentence for a central paragraph include? What are they?
    A、a transition from the preceding paragraph
    B、a reminder of the thesis statement
    C、the main idea of the paragraph
    D、a blueprint

2、A conclusion generally includes two elements: reworded thesis statement and clincher.

Test-4 for Effective Essays

1、In the following introductory paragraph, what kind of motivator does the author apply? “No union is more profound than marriage, for it embodies the highest ideals of love, fidelity, devotion, sacrifice and family,” Justice Anthony Kennedy rightly argued in his majority opinion in the Obergefell v. Hodges case. Even today, when marriage is less likely to guide our lives, relationships and families, it’s still the case that marriage is without peer when it comes to calling forth the best in our relational lives.
    A、Quotations
    B、A brief story
    C、The opposite opinion
    D、An interesting statement

2、In the following introductory paragraph, what kind of motivator does the author apply? Some children grow up wanting to play baseball all day, but I wanted to play Castlevania and Super Mario Brothers. Sadly, my parents believed I’d fry my brain for the love of videogames, so I was limited to an hour of screen time before dinner.
    A、Quotations
    B、A brief story
    C、The opposite opinion
    D、An interesting statement

3、In the following introductory paragraph, what kind of motivator does the author apply? Even though multiple generations have now grown up glued to the flickering light of the TV, we still can’t let go of the belief that the next generation of technology is going to doom our kids. We blame technology, rather than work, to understand why children engage with screens in the first place.
    A、Quotations
    B、A brief story
    C、The opposite opinion
    D、An interesting statement

4、In the following introductory paragraph, what kind of motivator does the author apply? I stare disapprovingly at the crumpled twenty that’s been pushed across the table toward me. Obviously, the money is old; acquired many years ago. My gaze shifts up to the expectant face that lies a few meters away from me. An eyebrow rises on my forehead, and I make no move to grab the green cash.
    A、Quotations
    B、A brief story
    C、The opposite opinion
    D、An interesting statement

5、In the following introductory paragraph, what kind of motivator does the author apply? Should a person who is not terminally ill be allowed to commit suicide? If so, should physicians be permitted to assist in causing the person’s death? Should non-physicians?
    A、Questions
    B、A brief story
    C、The opposite opinion
    D、An interesting statement

6、In the following topic sentence, which part is the reminder? Despite this advantage, cars have many significant disadvantages, the most important of which is the pollution they cause.
    A、despite this advantage
    B、cars have many significant disadvantages
    C、pollution
    D、they cause

7、In the following topic sentence, which part is the reminder? A further disadvantage is the traffic problems that they cause in many cities and towns of the world.
    A、further
    B、disadvantage
    C、traffic problems
    D、the world

8、As a clincher, which method does the following concluding paragraph employ? In the near future, more people would like to drive their own cars whenever and wherever they go, the pollution and the traffic jams will add insult to injury.
    A、Comment
    B、Prediction
    C、Recommendation
    D、All of the above

9、As a clincher, which method does the following concluding paragraph employ? In conclusion, while the car is advantageous for its convenience, it has some important disadvantages, in particular the pollution it causes and the rise of traffic jams.
    A、Comment
    B、Prediction
    C、Recommendation
    D、All of the above

10、As a clincher, which method does the following concluding paragraph employ? If countries can invest in the development of technology for green fuels, and if car owners can think of alternatives such as car sharing, then some of these problems can be lessened.
    A、Comment
    B、Prediction
    C、Recommendation
    D、All of the above

11、In this sample essay question there is one major key concept: "Socioeconomic status is the most significant determinant of inequalities in health status in Australian society" What is the key concept?
    A、Inequalities occur in Australian society
    B、Socioeconomic status determines inequalities in health status
    C、Socioeconomic status causes inequalities in health status
    D、None of them.

12、In this sample essay question there is one major key concept: "The development of Bioethics is as important to medicine as the development and use of antibiotics." The key concept of this essay question has been reworded below. Choose the one that you think is the most correct.
    A、Antibiotics are not as important to medicine as bioethics
    B、Medicine is important to the development of bioethics
    C、The development of Bioethics is of equal importance to medical practice as the development and use of antibiotics.
    D、None of them

Week5:Narrative Essays

Lesson1-What is a Narrative Essay随堂测验

1、What are the basic traits of a narrative essay?
    A、They make a central point.
    B、They contain specific details in support of that point.
    C、They're clearly organized in time.
    D、All of them.

2、What is the structure of a narrative essay? It includes:
    A、An Introduction
    B、Central paragraphs
    C、A conclusion
    D、A topic sentence

3、Thesis statement for a narrative essay should include one of two things: the overall theme of the narrative or a lesson learned.

Lesson 2-How to Write a Narrative Essay随堂测验

1、Except for prewriting, what other process does the writing of a narrative essay involve? It involves:
    A、drafting
    B、revising
    C、proofreading
    D、paragraphing

Test-5 for Narrative Essays

1、For the following introduction part of a narrative essay, what kind of hook is employed? A professor is a university teacher of the highest grade who holds a chair in a subject. I would like to share with your one of my favorite professors.
    A、a relevant quotation
    B、question
    C、fact
    D、definition

2、For the following introduction part of a narrative essay, what kind of hook is employed? I like the saying: “The grass is always greener on the other side.” To me, it means we tend to believe life in places different from our residence is for some reason better. Considering this, I have tried to be content with the place where I resided throughout my life—a regular city in the center of the United States.
    A、a relevant quotation
    B、question
    C、fact
    D、definition

3、For the following introduction part of a narrative essay, what kind of hook is employed? What is life like in the 22nd century? Well, it is unquestionably different than even a hundred years ago. The main driving force of the present time is technology; technological wonders have become so diverse and incredible that some people already treat them the same way as our ancestors treated magic.
    A、a relevant quotation
    B、question
    C、fact
    D、definition

4、For the following introduction part of a narrative essay, what kind of hook is employed? Cybervictimization is a problem that's become pervasive. The bullies have moved from the playground to the mobile screen, and there is no escaping harassment that essentially lives in your pocket.
    A、a relevant quotation
    B、question
    C、fact
    D、definition

5、Read through the following two paragraphs and find out what devices are employed in the second paragraph. You can have more than one choice. I knew him from the days of my extreme youth, because he made my father's boots; inhabiting with his elder brother two little shops let into one, in a small by-street--now no more, but then most fashionably placed in the West End. That tenement had a certain quiet distinction; there was no sign upon its face that he made for any of the Royal Family--merely his own German name of Gessler Brothers; and in the window a few pairs of boots. I remember that it always troubled me to account for those unvarying boots in the window, for he made only what was ordered, reaching nothing down, and it seemed so inconceivable that what he made could ever have failed to fit. Had he bought them to put there? That, too, seemed inconceivable. He would never have tolerated in his house leather on which he had not worked himself. Besides, they were too beautiful--the pair of pumps, so inexpressibly slim, the patent leathers with cloth tops, making water come into one's mouth, the tall brown riding boots with marvelous sooty glow, as if, though new, they had been worn a hundred years.
    A、Use Dialogues
    B、Use Descriptive language
    C、Provide Supporting evidence
    D、Show Transitions
    E、Show Passage of Time

6、What are the key elements to consider when narrating a story?
    A、What is the theme of your story?
    B、What is the setting of your story?
    C、What is the plot of your story?
    D、What is the point of your story?
    E、In what kind of order will you organize your narrative?

Week 6: Cause and Effect Essays

Lesson 1-What is a Cause and Effect Essay随堂测验

1、How can we organize the cause and effect essay?
    A、Through chronological order.
    B、Through order of importance.
    C、Through categorical order.
    D、All of them

2、An essay focusing on the reasons for the problem or situation is called a Cause Essay.

3、What is a cause essay?

Lesson 2-How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay随堂测验

1、What is the structure for a cause and effect paragraph? We can follow the structure like this:
    A、Topic sentence Cause 1 Cause 2 Cause 3 Reworded topic sentence
    B、Topic sentence Effect 1 Effect 2 Effect 3 Reworded topic sentence
    C、Topic sentence Cause 1 Effect 2 Cause 3 Reworded topic sentence
    D、All of them

2、What are the two patterns of organizing a cause and effect essay?
    A、Multiple causes→one effect
    B、One cause→multiple effects
    C、Multiple causes→multiple effects
    D、All of them

Test-6 for Cause and Effect Essay

1、When we ask the question "Why?" about a subject, we usually begin to explore its ______.
    A、none of them
    B、causes
    C、effects
    D、causes and effects

2、Underline the part of the sentence that states a cause. The computer is a learning tool since it helps children to master math and language skills.
    A、The computer
    B、The computer is a learning tool.
    C、it helps children to master math and language skills.
    D、children

3、Underline the part of the sentence that states a cause. Due to the ability of computers to keep records of sales and inventory, many big department stores rely on them.
    A、many big department stores rely on them
    B、the ability of computers
    C、the ability of computers to keep records of sales and inventory
    D、sales and inventory

4、Please identify the casue and effect of the problem in the following situation. In recent decades, many people have poured into the cities and the cities have grown so large that now about 50% of the Earth's population lives in urban areas.
    A、The problem is "The cities have grown so large."
    B、The cause is "Many people have poured into the cities."
    C、The effect is "Now about 50% of the Earth's population lives in urban areas."
    D、None of them

5、Please identify the cause and effect of the problem in the following situation. Teens spend too much time on screen. We’re raising our children in captivity and they turn to technology to socialize, learn and decompress.
    A、The problem is "Teens spend too much time on screen."
    B、The cause is "Teens spend too much time on screen."
    C、The cause is "We’re raising our children in captivity."
    D、The effect is "They turn to technology to socialize, learn and decompress."
    E、The problem is "They turn to technology to socialize, learn and decompress."

6、In recent decades, cities have grown so large that now about 50% of the Earth's population lives in urban areas. There are several reasons for this occurrence. First, the increasing industrialization of the nineteenth century resulted in the creation of many factory jobs, which tended to be located in cities. These jobs, with their promise of a better material life, attracted many people from rural areas. Second, there were many schools established to educate the children of the new factory laborers. The promise of a better education persuaded many families to leave farming communities and move to the cities. Finally, as the cities grew, people established places of leisure, entertainment, and culture, such as sports stadiums, theaters, and museums. For many people, these facilities made city life appear more interesting than life on the farm, and therefore drew them away from rural communities. (source: https://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/fwalters/cause.html)
    A、One of the causes is "factory jobs attracted people".
    B、One of the causes is "better schools attracted families to move to the city".
    C、One of the causes is "places of leisure, entertainment, and culture made city life appear more interesting".
    D、This is a cause paragraph. It explains three reasons for the urbanization.
    E、This is an effect paragraph. It explains three effects for urbanization.

7、When we ask "So what?" we consider the effects.

8、If you are asked to disscuss the effects of global warming on the enviornment, you will write an effect essay to focus maily on the effects or results.

Week7:Comparison and Contrast Essays

Lesson 1-What is a Comparison and Contrast Essay随堂测验

1、Why do we do comparison and contrast?
    A、for cognition
    B、for decision making
    C、for social reasons
    D、All of them

2、In order to do comparison and contrast, what elements do you always need to have in mind?
    A、Comparability
    B、Main points to be compared
    C、Purpose of comparison
    D、Coherence and cohesion

Lesson 2-How to Write a Comparison and Contrast Essay随堂测验

1、What are the two approaches that writers most often adopt to organize their comparison and contrast paragraphs and essays?
    A、Subject-by-subject
    B、Point-by-point
    C、Time order
    D、Space order

2、List at least five transitional words in comparison and in contrast.

Test-7 for Comparison and Contrast Essays

1、We can find something in common between “the Toyota Corolla” and “the Honda Civic”.
    A、Toyota
    B、Honda
    C、Japanese car
    D、None of them

2、We can find something in common between “Kobe Brant” and “Yao Ming”.
    A、professional athletes
    B、NBA player
    C、American
    D、All of them

3、We can find something in common between “Yoga” and “Jogging”.
    A、dance
    B、exercise
    C、Indian
    D、Chinese

4、We can find something in common between “Samsung Galaxy” and “Apple's iPhone”.
    A、smartphone
    B、South Korean
    C、American
    D、Steve Jobs

5、We live in a world of choice. In each moment, we are presented with the opportunity to choose from an array of options. The truth is, though, that we do not always make our choices consciously. Sometimes, instead of choosing what is best for our personal requirements, we fall in the trap of commercial tricks and purchase a product we do not need. When we want to make a choice based on facts and objective reasoning exclusively, we need to methodically analyze and compare each product based on the criteria we value. In this essay, I will try to do that when choosing between the two most popular types of TVs: LCD and plasma. When entering the technical department of any supermarket or a high-tech store, many people ask themselves whether a LCD TV is better than a plasma TV, or vice versa. To answer this question, we need to compare the two products based on several relevant technical criteria. (https://academichelp.net/samples/academics/essays/compare-contrast/lcd-vs-plasma.html) In the above introductory paragraph of “What is the Better Purchase: LCD TV or Plasma TV”, which indicates its “Comparability”?
    A、The two most popular types of TVs
    B、Relevant technical criteria
    C、Choosing what is best for our personal requirements.
    D、In this essay, I will try to do that when choosing between the two most popular types of TVs: LCD and plasma.

6、We live in a world of choice. In each moment, we are presented with the opportunity to choose from an array of options. The truth is, though, that we do not always make our choices consciously. Sometimes, instead of choosing what is best for our personal requirements, we fall in the trap of commercial tricks and purchase a product we do not need. When we want to make a choice based on facts and objective reasoning exclusively, we need to methodically analyze and compare each product based on the criteria we value. In this essay, I will try to do that when choosing between the two most popular types of TVs: LCD and plasma. When entering the technical department of any supermarket or a high-tech store, many people ask themselves whether a LCD TV is better than a plasma TV, or vice versa. To answer this question, we need to compare the two products based on several relevant technical criteria. (https://academichelp.net/samples/academics/essays/compare-contrast/lcd-vs-plasma.html) In the above introductory paragraph of “What is the Better Purchase: LCD TV or Plasma TV”, which indicates its “Main points to be compared”?
    A、The two most popular types of TVs
    B、Relevant technical criteria
    C、Choosing what is best for our personal requirements.
    D、In this essay, I will try to do that when choosing between the two most popular types of TVs: LCD and plasma.

7、We live in a world of choice. In each moment, we are presented with the opportunity to choose from an array of options. The truth is, though, that we do not always make our choices consciously. Sometimes, instead of choosing what is best for our personal requirements, we fall in the trap of commercial tricks and purchase a product we do not need. When we want to make a choice based on facts and objective reasoning exclusively, we need to methodically analyze and compare each product based on the criteria we value. In this essay, I will try to do that when choosing between the two most popular types of TVs: LCD and plasma. When entering the technical department of any supermarket or a high-tech store, many people ask themselves whether a LCD TV is better than a plasma TV, or vice versa. To answer this question, we need to compare the two products based on several relevant technical criteria. (https://academichelp.net/samples/academics/essays/compare-contrast/lcd-vs-plasma.html) In the above introductory paragraph of “What is the Better Purchase: LCD TV or Plasma TV”, which indicates its “Purpose of comparison”?
    A、The two most popular types of TVs
    B、Relevant technical criteria
    C、Choosing what is best for our personal requirements.
    D、In this essay, I will try to do that when choosing between the two most popular types of TVs: LCD and plasma.

8、“Likewise”is used as the transitional word in “Mary mentioned how her uncle had likewise been questioned by the police.”

9、“By the same token” is the only transitional device in “By the same token, while we have close, friendly relationship with Taipei, we do not let Taipei define our positions.”

10、As a transitional device, “instead”in “Instead, Catherine left the room without saying goodbye”can be replaced by “rather than”.

11、The transitional phrase “on the other hand” in “On the other hand we have the good girls” indicates the “flip side” of the case.

12、What is the difference between comparison and contrast? Comparison is to find differences and contrast similarities.

13、We compare and contrast in our daily life and work out of cognitive, personal and social needs.

Week9:Argumentative Essays

Lesson 1-What is an Argumentative Essay随堂测验

1、Which statement is true about an argumentative essay?
    A、An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree or disagree with an issue.
    B、You should use reasons to support your opinion.
    C、Your goal is to convince your reader that your opinion is right.
    D、None of them.

Lesson 2-How to Write an Argumentative Essay随堂测验

1、For an argumentative essay to be effective, it must contain certain elements that will persuade the readers to see things from your perspective. For this reason, you must take a few minutes to plan and prepare before you jump into writing an argument essay. You should
    A、Find a good topic
    B、Consider both sides of your topic and take a position
    C、Gather evidence
    D、All of them

Test-9 for Argumentative Essays

1、Which pattern does the following outline belong to? I. Introduction Explanation of the issue Thesis statement II. Body Block 1 Summary of other side's arguments Rebuttal to the first argument Rebuttal to the second argument Rebuttal to the third argument Block 2 
 E. Your first argument F. Your second argument G. Your third argument III. Conclusion It may include a summary of your point of view
    A、Block pattern
    B、Point-by-point pattern
    C、Both of them
    D、Neither of them

2、Dear Mom, Thanks for having me over last weekend to continue our discussion. I think we are close to an understanding, but I’m still a bit discouraged by your response. Even though you didn’t come right out and say it, you let me know just how you feel. I know how much you want me to be an independent adult, living on my own. I’m working toward this goal but need to move home for a while. It seems that Dad and Sheila welcome the idea, but I have to convince you. So here goes. First, you still need a lot of help around the house, and you know me: Housework is my favorite pastime. Dad and Sheila are such slobs, and you spend a lot of time cleaning up after them that you could be using for something more interesting. What about that drawing class you always talk about? Take it! Let me keep house! I might even be able to teach Dad and Sis to pick up after themselves for a change. Second, since I got my new job, I can help with the budget. I won’t be paying $850 a month to rent an apartment, so I’d be glad to give half that amount to you and Dad as rent. I could also buy my own food or give you a percentage toward your grocery bill. If I do contribute in these ways, I could still save close to $600 every month so that I can start college in the fall of next year. Since your house is close to my job, I could walk to work and save the gas money, which is killing me right now. Third, I don’t have a boyfriend anymore, and furthermore, I don’t want one for a long time to come. You won’t have to worry about my relationships this year. As I told you this weekend, I need to get serious about my future and get ready to go to school. Despite these huge advantages, I know you’ll say the same old thing: “Lisa, you’re 34. When are you going to settle down on your own and stop moving back home? This is the sixth time in 10 years.” The point, Mom, is that this time I’m preparing for the future. I think I’m finally growing up and realizing what it takes. This will be the last time—I promise. Just think: When I go off to college, Sheila will be a high school graduate, and we can go to school together. You and Dad will finally be empty nesters. Won’t that be fun? Please give it some more thought, Mom. How can you say no? Love, Lisa
    A、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “Thanks for having me over last weekend to continue our discussion. I think we are close to an understanding, but I’m still a bit discouraged by your response. Even though you didn’t come right out and say it, you let me know just how you feel” can be viewed as an explanation of the issue.
    B、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “I’m working toward this goal but need to move home for a while. It seems that Dad and Sheila welcome the idea, but I have to convince you” can be viewed as a clear thesis statement.
    C、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “Despite these huge advantages, I know you’ll say the same old thing: “Lisa, you’re 34. When are you going to settle down on your own and stop moving back home? This is the sixth time in 10 years” can be viewed as a summary of the opposing arguments.
    D、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “The point, Mom, is that this time I’m preparing for the future. I think I’m finally growing up and realizing what it takes. This will be the last time—I promise. Just think: When I go off to college, Sheila will be a high school graduate, and we can go to school together. You and Dad will finally be empty nesters. Won’t that be fun? Please give it some more thought, Mom. How can you say no?” can be viewed as rebuttals to the opposing arguments.
    E、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “The point, Mom, is that this time I’m preparing for the future. I think I’m finally growing up and realizing what it takes. This will be the last time—I promise. Just think: When I go off to college, Sheila will be a high school graduate, and we can go to school together. You and Dad will finally be empty nesters. Won’t that be fun? Please give it some more thought, Mom. How can you say no?” can be viewed as a summary of the opposing arguments.
    F、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “Despite these huge advantages, I know you’ll say the same old thing: “Lisa, you’re 34. When are you going to settle down on your own and stop moving back home? This is the sixth time in 10 years” can be viewed as a rebuttal to the opposing arguments.
    G、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “Thanks for having me over last weekend to continue our discussion. I think we are close to an understanding, but I’m still a bit discouraged by your response. Even though you didn’t come right out and say it, you let me know just how you feel” can be viewed as a clear thesis statement.
    H、In the argumentative letter of Lisa to her Mom, “I’m working toward this goal but need to move home for a while. It seems that Dad and Sheila welcome the idea, but I have to convince you” can be viewed as an explanation of the issue.

3、For the following argumentative topics of A “Marijuana should be considered illegal”and B “Selling and using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal”, B is better, for A is too general.

4、For the following argumentative topics of A “We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car” and B “ If we are under the age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car”, B is better, for in A, our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?

5、For the following argumentative topics of A “Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for students?” and B “Cheating helps students learn”, A is better, for a question can be an argument.

6、For the following argumentative topics of A “Considering its geological position, Turkey has an important geopolitical role in the EU” and B “Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey”, A is better, for facts can be an argument.

7、What is unique about an argumentative essay is that you do not just give reasons to support your point of view. You must also discuss the other side's reasons and then refute them.

Week8:Definition Essays

Lesson 1-What is a Definition Essay随堂测验

1、Which of the following statements is true about "definition"?
    A、A definition is a statement of the meaning of a word or phrase.
    B、It is a method of identifying and making the meaning clear.
    C、By defining, you answer the question, “What is the meaning of something?”
    D、All of them

Lesson 2-How to Write a Definition Essay随堂测验

1、In order to fulfil your purpose, what other writing skills may you employ in the development of a definition essay?
    A、illustration or narration
    B、cause and effect
    C、comparison and contrast
    D、None of them

Test-8 for Definition Essay

1、We can rename the subject “success” as __________________.
    A、Success is the achievement of desired aims.
    B、Success is not process but the end of arriving at the desired destination.
    C、Success is achieving what you have desired in fame, wealth, job, social status, and the like.
    D、None of them.

2、We can define the subject “success” with negatives as __________________.
    A、Success is the achievement of desired aims.
    B、Success is not process but the end of arriving at the desired destination.
    C、Success is achieving what you have desired in fame, wealth, job, social status, and the like.
    D、None of them.

3、We can define the subject “success” with characteristics as __________________.
    A、Success is the achievement of desired aims.
    B、Success is not process but the end of arriving at the desired destination.
    C、Success is achieving what you have desired in fame, wealth, job, social status, and the like.
    D、None of them.

4、The term home (Old Norse Heimer, High German heim, Greek komi, meaning "village") has, since a long time, been taken over by two kinds of moralists, both dear to those who wield power. The notion of home became the keystone for a code of domestic morality, safeguarding the property (which included the women) of the family. Simultaneously the notion of homeland supplied a first article of faith for patriotism, persuading men to die in wars which often served no other interest except that of a minority of their ruling class. Both usages have hidden the original meaning. Originally home meant the center of the world--not in a geographical, but in an ontological sense. Mircea Eliade has demonstrated how home was the place from which the world could be founded. A home was established, as he says, "at the heart of the real." In traditional societies, everything that made sense of the world was real; the surrounding chaos existed and was threatening, but it was threatening because it was unreal. Without a home at the center of the real, one was not only shelterless, but also lost in nonbeing, in unreality. Without a home everything was fragmentation. Home was the center of the world because it was the place where a vertical line crossed with a horizontal one. The vertical line was a path leading upwards to the sky and downwards to the underworld.The horizontal line represented the traffic of the world, all the possible roads leading across the earth to other places. Thus, at home, one was nearest to the gods in the sky and to the dead of the underworld. This nearness promised access to both. And at the same time, one was at the starting point and, hopefully, the returning point of all terrestrial journeys. * Originally published in And Our Faces, My Heart, Brief as Photos, by John Berger (Pantheon Books, 1984). In the above definition essay about “home” by John Berger, which of the following statement(s) is (are) correct?
    A、The thesis statement: The term home (Old Norse Heimer, High German heim, Greek komi, meaning "village") has, since a long time, been taken over by two kinds of moralists, both dear to those who wield power.
    B、Supporting point I: Originally home meant the center of the world--not in a geographical, but in an ontological sense.
    C、Supporting point II: Without a home everything was fragmentation.
    D、Supporting point III: Home was the center of the world because it was the place where a vertical line crossed with a horizontal one.
    E、Conclusion: Thus, at home, one was nearest to the gods in the sky and to the dead of the underworld.

5、We have got at least three ways to define a word with a sentence:
    A、Define with negatives
    B、Define with characteristics
    C、Rename the subject
    D、None of them

6、Which of the following definitions are not proper.
    A、Swimming is when you propel yourself through the water with parts of your body.
    B、Swimming is a sport in which you propel yourself through the water with parts of your body.
    C、A department store is a store where all kinds of commodities are bought.
    D、A department store is a place where all kinds of commodities are bought.

7、An extended definition goes beyond what can be found in a dictionary, offering an expanded analysis and illustration of a concept.

8、We can give a short definition called a simple definition, and the longer one (eg: a paragraph or essay) known as an extended definition.

Week10: English Letters & Writing Format

Lesson 1-How to Write an Effective Title随堂测验

1、Which of the followling statements is correct?
    A、A good title should be as brief as possible. Do not exceed 10 words for a short essay and 20 words for a long one.
    B、A well-crafted title should indicate the focal point of your essay clearly and concisely.
    C、A good title includes prime keywords that will be sprinkled throughout the essay.
    D、A good title should NOT contain “waste words” like “a study of”, “observations on”, “research on”, and “report on”, etc.

Lesson 2-How to Use Punctuations Properly随堂测验

1、Which of the following statement is correct?
    A、To separate items in a series, we should use comma (,).
    B、To show the omission of one or more letters in a contraction, we should use apostrophe ( ’ ).
    C、To indicate the exact words of the quoted speaker/writer, we should use comma (,).
    D、To indicate articles in books, newspapers or magazines, chapters in a book, short stories, or poems, we should use quotation marks (“ ”).

Test-10 for Writing Format

1、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. College Is Not Always the Answer
    A、Analyze, examine, explain or discuss
    B、Evaluate
    C、Comparison and contrast
    D、Review

2、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. Skills, With No Credential, Are No Longer Enough
    A、Analyze, examine, explain or discuss
    B、Evaluate
    C、Comparison and contrast
    D、Review

3、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. Graduates’ Pay Is Slipping, but Still Outpaces Others
    A、Analyze, examine, explain or discuss
    B、Evaluate
    C、Comparison and contrast
    D、Review

4、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. How to Regulate Your Child’s Use of Technology at Every Age
    A、Analyze, examine, explain or discuss
    B、Evaluate
    C、Comparison and contrast
    D、Review

5、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. Pros and Cons of A Commuter Campus
    A、Evaluate
    B、Comparison and contrast
    C、Review
    D、Consider to what extent

6、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. A New American Experiment
    A、Evaluate
    B、Comparison and contrast
    C、Review
    D、Consider to what extent

7、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. A Valuable Idea, if We Follow the Law
    A、Evaluate
    B、Comparison and contrast
    C、Review
    D、Consider to what extent

8、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. The Goldilocks Apartment
    A、Evaluate
    B、Comparison and contrast
    C、Review
    D、Consider to what extent

9、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. Why Mess with a Win-Win Situation?
    A、Analyze, examine, explain or discuss
    B、Evaluate
    C、Comparison and contrast
    D、. Review

10、For the following title, figure out what measure is employed to make it powerful. Bite Your Tongue. Bide Your Time.
    A、Analyze, examine, explain or discuss
    B、Evaluate
    C、Comparison and contrast
    D、Comparison and contrast

11、Use a comma to separate two verbs that belong to one subject.

12、An apostrophe and ’s are used to show possession with a singular word even if the word already ends in s.

13、Hyphen is used to signal a pause longer than that of a comma but not as long as that of a period.

14、Comma can be on both sides of words that interrupt the flow of thought in a sentence.

15、When addressing someone directly, we can use a comma.

16、Apostrophe can’t be used to show ownership or possession.

17、Apostrophe is generally used to show the omission of one or more letters in a contraction.

18、Periods and commas go inside quotation marks, even if they aren’t part of the material being quoted.

19、Dash is used with two or more words that act as a single unit or to divide a word at the end of a line.

20、Comma is optional when the complete thoughts are short.

21、Fill in the blank with a correct punctuation mark. Globalization has been a fact of life for decades, but how long will it continue in its current form ________

22、Fill in the blank with a correct punctuation mark. The prevalence of non-tariff barriers to trade, such as import quotas, subsidies, and sanctions_______ has been increasing since 2005.

23、Fill in the blank with a correct punctuation mark. These so-called “left-behind children_____ are a dark facet of China’s shining economic development.

24、Fill in the blank with a correct punctuation mark. The experience of Anyi Yang, a 19_year__old University of Connecticut sophomore from Beijing, reflects some of the challenges.

25、Fill in the blank with a correct punctuation mark. “They are friendly, but some I thought would be more interested in talking to me_____” Yang said.