Unit 1 Introduction to Ships(船体介绍)

Test for Unit 1

1、What does the autopilot system include?
    A、Hydraulic system.
    B、Mechanical system.
    C、Electrical system.
    D、All of above.

2、Which of the following is TRUE about a ship?
    A、The forward most contour of the ship's hull is called quarter.
    B、The beam is the greatest distance between the two sides.
    C、The aft-most contour of the ship is called bow.
    D、The front of the ship is called stern.

3、Which of the following shows the country the ship belongs to?
    A、Company flag.
    B、Flag Q.
    C、Flag H.
    D、Ensign.

4、Where is the anchor chain stowed?
    A、Chain locker.
    B、Chain stopper.
    C、Storeroom.
    D、Mooring winch.

5、Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the bulkheads?
    A、Bulkheads are vertical partitions separating compartments or spaces on a ship.
    B、Bulkheads are watertight.
    C、All bulkheads are called collision bulkheads.
    D、Bulkheads can prevent the vessel from flooding in case the vessel collides with another vessel.

6、Mooring lines can be used in receiving tug assistance.

7、Anchor equipment includes anchor, anchor chain, fairleads, chain locker.

8、Waterline refers to the line where hull of a ship meets the water surface.

9、Forecastle is located on the bow of a ship, used as a shelter for stores, machinery, etc.

10、The equipment that can alter and maintain the ship’s course is called telegraph.

11、Bridge is a room or platform from which the ship can be commanded.

12、GMDSS is the equipment used to record various data on a ship.

13、AIS is used to transmit and receive identifying information automatically.

14、In the galley, electricity is used for heating and cooking for safety reasons.

15、Mooring lines are leading ashore from different parts of the ship to prevent ship's movement.

Unit 2 Work of Seafarers(船员工作)

Test for Unit 2

1、Who is the head of the deck department?
    A、Ship captain
    B、Chief officer
    C、Second officer
    D、Third officer

2、Who undertakes bridge watch-keeping from 0800-1200?
    A、Ship captain
    B、Chief officer
    C、Second officer
    D、Third officer

3、Who is mainly responsible for cargo affairs?
    A、Ship captain
    B、Chief officer
    C、Second officer
    D、Third officer

4、Who is mainly responsible for bridge equipment and instruments?
    A、Ship captain
    B、Chief officer
    C、Second officer
    D、Third officer

5、Who is mainly responsible for the management and maintenance of all life-saving appliances and fire-fighting equipment on board?
    A、Ship captain
    B、Chief officer
    C、Second officer
    D、Third officer

6、Which of the following is true about the ship Master?
    A、The Master is the leader of a ship and he is the representative of the ship owner.
    B、The Master is responsible for the ship navigation.
    C、The Master is responsible for the administration work.
    D、All of the above.

7、Which of the following is NOT the Chief Officer’s responsibility?
    A、The Chief Officer is in charge of cargo operation.
    B、The Chief Officer is in charge of the administration task of scheduling and distributing work to deck crew.
    C、The Chief Officer is in charge of updating charts and publications.
    D、The Chief Officer is responsible for ensuring the safety of the ship work place and ship equipment

8、Which of the following is NOT the Second Officer’s responsibility?
    A、The Second Officer is responsible for the maintenance of communication equipment.
    B、The Second Officer is responsible for making voyage plan.
    C、The Second Officer carries out appropriate stock control.
    D、The Second Officer also acts as a ship’s Safety Officer.

9、Which of the following is NOT the Third Officer’s responsibility?
    A、The Third Officer takes charge of appropriate cargo watch in port.
    B、The Third Officer takes the medical duty on board a ship.
    C、The Third Officer is responsible for the maintenance and inspection of all life saving and firefighting equipment.
    D、The Third Officer is responsible for the maintenance of log and inventory book.

10、Which of the following is NOT the bosun’s responsibility?
    A、The bosun works under the Captain.
    B、The bosun arranges jobs for the ratings and supervise their work.
    C、The bosun is also responsible for the hygiene in the vessel.
    D、The bosun is responsible for the equipment maintenance and repair work.

11、Which of the following is NOT the AB’s responsibility?
    A、AB performs bridge watchkeeping duty as an officer.
    B、AB assists the Duty Officer in anchoring and mooring operations.
    C、AB performs deck maintenance and cleaning duties.
    D、AB works under the order of Chief Officer or Bosun.

12、Which of the following is NOT the Ordinary seamen’s responsibility?
    A、Ordinary seamen conduct repair work.
    B、Ordinary seamen paint the superstructure above the main deck.
    C、Ordinary seamen take regular courses on board a ship.
    D、Ordinary seamen take the tasks such as buffing, scaling, and cleaning the deck.

13、What do cadets usually do on board a ship?
    A、Deck Cadet needs to report to the bosun of the ship, from time to time.
    B、Deck Cadet arranges jobs for the ratings and supervise their work.
    C、Deck Cadet teach courses on firefighting equipment, first aid and other security measures.
    D、Deck Cadet assists in bridge watch-keeping.

14、Which of the following is the proper answer to the question “What’s your nationality”?
    A、I’m from China.
    B、My nationality is China.
    C、I’m Chinese.
    D、I come from Beijing, China.

15、If you have something to declare, where should you go?
    A、Money exchanges.
    B、Customs.
    C、Duty refund office.
    D、Visa office.

Unit 3 Ship Orders(船舶口令)

Test for Unit 3

1、What should you do when you receive a wheel order?
    A、Repeat, carry it out and report.
    B、Carry it out and then repeat.
    C、Repeat and report.
    D、Carry it out and then report.

2、What does the wheel order "Meet her" mean?
    A、Reduce swing as rapidly as possible.
    B、Check the swing of the vessel's head in a turn.
    C、Steer a steady course on the compass heading.
    D、Steady as she goes.

3、If the anchor is secured firmly in sea bottom, what do you report?
    A、Anchor is up.
    B、Anchor is brought up.
    C、Anchor is aweigh.
    D、Anchor is clear.

4、If you want to let go all lines forward except breast line and spring, what should you say?
    A、Single up forward to breast line and spring.
    B、Single up the forward line.
    C、Let go breast line and spring.
    D、Let go forward lines.

5、What does "Finished with engine" mean?
    A、The movement of the engine is no longer required.
    B、The work of the engine has been stopped.
    C、Everything is done.
    D、The ship should be stopped.

6、"Course one eight two" is the answer to the question "What is the course?".

7、"Pay out head line" is an equivalent to "Send out head line".

8、Some of the orders do not need to be reported.

9、The initial movement of the engine order telegraph is from the engine control room.

10、If you are ordered "Stop engine", you need to reply "Stop engine", then carry it out, and report "Engine stopped".

11、When the anchor has been heaved out of the ground and is clear of it, the chief officer should report “Anchor is clear.”

12、“The cable is 3 o’clock. ” means “The cable is leading to the starboard.”

13、Mooring lines include head lines, stern lines, spring lines and breast lines.

14、Stern lines are used to prevent ship's backwards movement.

15、"Cast off stern line." is another way to say "Let go stern line."

Unit 4 Introduction to Pilotage(引航概述)

Test for Unit 4

1、What information should be reported to the pilot station?
    A、ETA and voyage briefs.
    B、Ship’s name, call sign, LOA and tonnage.
    C、Country of registration, breadth, drafts fore and aft.
    D、All of the above.

2、Why does a ship contact the port?
    A、To know the condition of the port.
    B、To order a pilot and tugs.
    C、To have a berth arranged.
    D、Both B and C.

3、A dangerous part of the pilot’s job is ________.
    A、to embark and disembark a vessel
    B、to command the ship
    C、to disembark a ship
    D、to board a ship

4、A pilot is a person_________ when the ship is approaching a port.
    A、who knows about the ship
    B、who gets in touch with the ship
    C、who guides the ship
    D、who repairs the ship

5、What does a pilot ladder consist of?
    A、Spreaders, manropes and side ropes.
    B、Spreaders and manropes.
    C、Spreaders and side ropes.
    D、Ladders and spreaders.

6、It’s unnecessary for a master to cooperate with a pilot.

7、Sometimes, the pilot ladder should be rigged with accommodation ladder.

8、If a pilot embarks a ship, we need to hoist flag “G” and lower flag “H”.

9、Pilot will never control a ship directly.

10、The pilot will take over the position of the master when pilotage is compulsory.

11、The pilot’s presence on board will relieve the master or officer in charge of navigational watch from their duties and obligations.

12、A vessel gets in touch with a port by VHF on a provided channel.

13、Drafts fore and aft of YUKUN is 5.3 and 5.4 respectively.

14、When a pilot is going to embark a ship, a lifebuoy should be prepared to ensure the pilot's safety.

15、If the officer on watch has any doubt as to pilot's action or intentions, he/she can take necessary actions before the master arrives.

Assignment

1、Please describe the process of piloting.

Unit 5 Anchoring and Mooring(锚泊和系泊)

Test for Unit 5

1、What does berthing mean?
    A、It means sailing out of a port.
    B、It means sailing into a port.
    C、It means sailing on the sea.
    D、It means sailing along the river.

2、What should a captain do when the vessel is arriving at a port?
    A、Tell the chief officer and the chief engineer the time of arrival ahead of time.
    B、Talk with the crew.
    C、Stay on stern.
    D、Walk on the deck.

3、Before berthing, the master should take control of the ship accompanied by_________.
    A、the second officer
    B、the third officer
    C、the pilot
    D、the chief engineer

4、Which of the following is NOT the captain’s responsibilities when the ship is at anchor?
    A、Select a proper anchor position.
    B、Give his instructions and arrangements about watch keeping.
    C、Prevent any potential problems or dangers.
    D、Patrol the vessel regularly.

5、What factors should be considered when selecting a proper anchor position?
    A、Surrounding conditions.
    B、The grounds of seabed.
    C、Weather, wind, tide current.
    D、All of above.

6、A vessel may only berth on starboard side.

7、“Dragging anchor” means the ship moves away from its mooring because the anchor has failed to hold.

8、Officers on watch know their responsibilities during anchoring or berthing, so the master doesn’t need to give instructions.

9、Once the anchor is dropped, the officer on watch needs to check its position at regular intervals.

10、If the watch officer of a ship finds dragging, vessels in the vicinity will be informed.

11、There are three ways of unberthing, that is, bow unberthing, stern unberthing and parallel unberthing.

12、The traffic in the vicinity, current, wave, etc. should be considered before unberthing.

13、The responsibility for the vessel’s navigation can be transferred to the pilot.

14、To prevent the anchor cables from being damaged by strong wind and waves, the friction position of the links should be changed by heaving in and releasing the links regularly.

15、A dragging anchor may cause accidents such as collision, grounding, or stranding.

Unit 6 Navigation(航行)

Test for Unit 6

1、___________ is the only place that is manned at all times while the vessel is at sea.
    A、The engine room.
    B、The deck.
    C、The bow.
    D、The bridge.

2、________ is a deck officer who is assigned with the duties of watch-keeping and navigation on a ship’s wheelhouse.
    A、The officer on watch.
    B、The captain.
    C、The second officer.
    D、The third officer.

3、The OOW should follow a navigational plan to avoid collision according to_______.
    A、STCW
    B、COLREGS
    C、the master.
    D、the chief engineer.

4、_________ takes over the job of an OOW.
    A、A relieving officer on watch
    B、The third officer
    C、The second officer
    D、The bosun

5、The Chief Officer is in charge of the standard __________navigation watch duty.
    A、4-8
    B、8-12
    C、12-4
    D、0-8

6、The Second Officer is in charge of the standard __________navigation watch duty.
    A、4-8
    B、8-12
    C、0-4
    D、0-8

7、The Third Officer is in charge of the standard __________navigation watch duty.
    A、4-8
    B、8-12
    C、12-4
    D、0-8

8、What conditions must be satisfied before the officer takes over the bridge watch?
    A、The relieved officer should be completely adapted to the light condition.
    B、The relieving officer should know the working state of the navigation equipment.
    C、The relieved officer should go to the bridge 20 minutes earlier.
    D、The relieving officer should go to the bridge an hour earlier.

9、The relieved officer shall introduce to the relieving officer _______________.
    A、ship's position
    B、ship's course and speed
    C、vessels nearby
    D、all of the above

10、When taking over the shift, ____________________.
    A、the relieving officer shall introduce to the relieved officer the ship's position, course and speed.
    B、the relieving officer shall not hand over the watch to the relieved officer if the latter cannot carry out the watch-keeping duties effectively.
    C、the relieving officer should come onto the bridge sometime earlier to adapt to the circumstances.
    D、the relieving officer shall introduce to the relieved officer the harbor, the anchorage, the weather, etc.

11、While keeping on watch at sea, the officer on watch is the representative of the captain.

12、The OOW could leave the bridge during the watch.

13、According to STCW, the watch-keeping personnel is not allowed to rest.

14、The OOW should check navigational equipment in use at regular interval of time.

15、Heading sets 080 degrees. “080 degrees” should be read into “eighty degrees”.

Unit 7 Introduction to Communication at Sea(海上通信)

Test for Unit 7

1、VHF stands for very high frequency.

2、Channel 16 is national distress calling frequency.

3、PTT is the power-test-talk button.

4、Marine VHF radio is in the simplex mode.

5、In order to listen, you have to press PTT all the time.

6、Before changing from speaking to listening, you say “over”.

7、English is the international maritime language.

8、SMCP stands for standard marine communication phrases.

9、SMCP consists of two parts, that is, external and on-board communication phrases.

10、There are three kinds of emergency messages.

11、GMDSS stands for the global maritime distress signal system.

12、Three levels of emergency are defined in GMDSS.

13、In order of priority, three levels of emergency are distress, urgency and safety known by the signals of PAN-PAN, MAYDAY and SECURITE.

14、When an important message is to be emphasized, you should say “Repeat” only.

15、You can rectify the mistake by saying “Mistake” followed by the word “Correction” with the corrected information.

Unit 8 Emergency at Sea(海上应急)

Test for Unit 8

1、Which of the following life-saving appliances is NOT introduced in the course?
    A、Inherently buoyant lifejacket.
    B、Inflatable lifejacket.
    C、Lifebuoy.
    D、Kickboard.

2、What can we find on an inflatable lifejacket?
    A、A CO2 cylinder.
    B、A hood.
    C、Gloves.
    D、Boots.

3、Life jackets are NOT stowed in the ______.
    A、engine control room
    B、bridge
    C、cabins
    D、ship's corridor

4、Which are the colours of life-saving appliances?
    A、Orange, green or yellow.
    B、Orange, red or yellow.
    C、Orange, blue or green.
    D、Orange, yellow or green.

5、Man overboard situations include “Immediate action” situation, “Early action” situation and “Delayed action” situation.

6、The officer on watch should first sound man overboard alarm when he/she finds a person overboard.

7、When the man overboard is found at early time and is kept in sight, the quickest way of returning is by the single turn.

8、The Williamson turn can be used in “delayed action” situation.

9、When the man overboard is lost at sea, the Scharnow turn can be used.

10、The name and port of registry of the ship to which the lifeboat belongs shall be marked on the above of the lifeboat.

11、Lifeboats are numbered with odd numbers on the port side and even numbers on the starboard side.

12、No matter what type of ship it is, lifeboats are made compulsory by SOLAS.

13、In emergencies, lifebuoys can be used to save unconscious people.

14、The color of the lifeboat is bright orange, because this color is of high visibility at sea.

15、An infant cannot wear a life jacket because it is not safe.

Assignment

1、Give instructions on how to embark and behave in a lifeboat. 1. Attention to be paid before entering. 2. Attention to be paid while entering. 3. Attention to be paid after entering.

111

111

1、111
    A、11
    B、11
    C、11
    D、11

2、1

11

1、11

航海英语听力与会话期末考试

航海英语听力与会话期末考试(客观题)

1、The working hours of the third officer on the bridge is ____________.
    A、0000-0400
    B、0400-0800
    C、1200-1600
    D、2000-2400

2、_________ is responsible for collecting taxes on goods coming into a country.
    A、Money exchanges
    B、Customs
    C、Duty refund office
    D、Visa office

3、Which of the following is the appropriate answer to the question “What is your ETA”?
    A、080
    B、1000
    C、7 knots
    D、5 meters

4、When a pilot is on board, the officer on watch should ______.
    A、always believe in the pilot’s guidance
    B、work under the pilot’s command all the time
    C、seek no clarification from the pilot
    D、notify the master when having doubts about the pilot’s guidance

5、If the swing of the ship needs to be reduced as rapidly as possible, the order “_______” should be given.
    A、Meet her
    B、Steady
    C、Midships
    D、Reduce the swing

6、What can be found on a mooring winch?
    A、Brakes and clutches.
    B、Bitts.
    C、Derrick.
    D、Windlass.

7、Tugs are used to pull vessels like ______.
    A、ice breakers, salvage boats and disabled ships
    B、ice breakers, oil platforms, and disabled ships
    C、barges, oil platforms, and disabled ships
    D、barges, salvage boats, and disabled ships

8、Where can you find daily necessities on a ship?
    A、In the galley.
    B、In the cabin.
    C、In the storeroom.
    D、In the medicine store.

9、Life jackets are NOT stowed in the ______.
    A、engine control room
    B、bridge
    C、cabins
    D、ship’s corridor

10、Engine orders are given to _____.
    A、control the vessel at a certain desired speed
    B、ensure the ship is in a right state
    C、alter the ship’s course
    D、ensure the engine is in the right state

11、Wheel orders are given to _____.
    A、control the vessel at a certain desired speed
    B、ensure the ship is in a right state
    C、alter the ship’s course
    D、ensure the engine is in the right state

12、Which of the following is NOT TRUE about a ship?
    A、The forward-most contour of the ship's hull is called bow.
    B、The beam is the largest distance between the two sides.
    C、The aft-most contour of the ship is called quarter.
    D、The front of the ship is called stern.

13、Which of the following is the Chief Officer's responsibility?
    A、The chief officer is in charge of life-saving appliances.
    B、The chief officer is in charge of medical duty.
    C、The chief officer is in charge of updating charts and publications.
    D、The chief officer is responsible for ensuring the safety of the ship's workplace and equipment.

14、________ is mainly responsible for cargo affairs.
    A、The third officer
    B、The second officer
    C、The chief officer
    D、The ship captain

15、What should you when you receive a wheel order?
    A、Repeat, carry it out, and report.
    B、Carry it out and then repeat.
    C、Repeat and report.
    D、Carry it out and then report.

16、The initial movement of the engine order telegraph is from ______.
    A、captain’s cabin
    B、engine control room
    C、deck
    D、bridge

17、After carrying out the order “Stop engines”, you need to report “______”.
    A、Stop engines
    B、Engines stopped
    C、Engines finished
    D、Finished with engines

18、If you want to check the swing of the vessel's head in a turn, the order “_______” should be given.
    A、Meet her
    B、Steady
    C、Midships
    D、Reduce the swing

19、Which of the following is NOT true about a pilot?
    A、A pilot integrates into the bridge team when he/she is on the ship.
    B、A pilot is a person who guides the ship.
    C、A pilot’s presence on board will relieve the master or officer.
    D、A pilot embarks and disembarks a vessel by a pilot ladder.

20、Which of the following is correct?
    A、SOLAS is short for the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea.
    B、MLC is short for Maritime Law Convention.
    C、MARPOL is short for International Convention for Pollution from Ships
    D、STCW is short for International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watching for Seafarers

21、The officer on watch needs to check ________ at regular interval of time.
    A、all the equipment on board
    B、navigational equipment in use
    C、ship’s turning circles
    D、ship’s handling characteristics

22、Encountering tough situations, the captain of a container ship should take _____ into account.
    A、the cargoes, the passenger, the crew
    B、the crew, the ship, and the cargoes
    C、the ship, the crew, the passenger
    D、the ship, the crew, the weather

23、Which is true about lifeboats?
    A、Davit launched lifeboats are always totally enclosed lifeboats.
    B、The call sign of the ship is marked on the bottom of the lifeboat.
    C、No matter what type of ship it is, lifeboats are made compulsory by SOLAS.
    D、Based on their launching methods, lifeboats may also be divided into open lifeboat, partially enclosed lifeboat, and totally enclosed lifeboat.

24、Which of the following is NOT correct?
    A、VHF is short for Very Hign Frequency.
    B、EPIRB is short for Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon.
    C、ECDIS is short for Electronic Chart Display and Information System.
    D、GMDSS is short for Global Maritime Disconnect and Safety System.

25、Which of the following is true?
    A、MAYDAY is to announce a safety message.
    B、MAYDAY is to announce a distress message.
    C、PANPAN is to announce a distress message.
    D、SECURITE is to announce a distress message.

26、A _________ message should be sent if engines are disabled.
    A、MAYDAY
    B、PAN-PAN
    C、SECURITE
    D、HELP

27、When berthing, the third officer should be ______________.
    A、at the bow of the ship
    B、at the stern of the ship
    C、on the bridge
    D、at the gangway

28、Once the watch officer finds dragging, he should _______________.
    A、warn vessels in the vicinity through VHF
    B、inform the engine room to change the course
    C、keep an eye on it.
    D、pay attention to the weather

29、What does "dragging anchor" mean?
    A、The anchor needs to be dragged.
    B、The ship moves away from its mooring because the anchor has failed to hold.
    C、The ship moves away from its mooring because the anchor has succeeded in holding
    D、The anchor needs to be dredged.

30、What does "heaving up" mean?
    A、Dropping the anchor.
    B、Picking up the anchor.
    C、Standing by the relevant anchor.
    D、Drop the specified shackles.

31、Which of the following is true about the equipment and devices on the ship?
    A、Mast is a device used to steer a ship.
    B、Anchor is a device used to secure the ship in a stationary position to the sea bed.
    C、Rudder a device to carry antennas, navigation lights and so on.
    D、Propeller is a device that connects the anchor to the ship.

32、Which of the following is NOT the second officer's responsibility?
    A、Updating charts.
    B、Maintaining bridge equipment.
    C、Maintaining inventory books.
    D、Medical duty.

33、What does a shackle equal to?
    A、2.75 meters
    B、27.5 meters.
    C、2.75 centimeters.
    D、275 centimeters.

34、Which of the following is NOT a man-overboard situation?
    A、“Immediate action” situation.
    B、“Quick action” situation.
    C、“Person missing” situation.
    D、“Delayed action” situation.

35、What does a pilot ladder consist of?
    A、Spreaders, side lines, and manropes.
    B、Spreaders, manropes, and side ropes.
    C、Spreaders, man lines, and side ropes.
    D、Spreaders, ladders, and side ropes.

36、Which of the following is NOT a way of unberthing?
    A、Bow unberthing.
    B、Stern unberthing.
    C、Parallel unberthing.
    D、Port side unberthing.

37、In emergencies, lifebuoys can be used to save unconscious people.

38、The bosun usually works as a helmsman.

39、Mooring equipment consists of mooring lines, brakes, clutches and chain stopper.

40、The ship contacts the pilot station to know the condition of the port.

41、Gyro compass is a device used for finding the right direction.

42、While keeping on watch at sea, the officer on watch is the representative of the captain.

43、An accommodation ladder cannot be used when the pilot embarks the ship.

44、An anchor chain is stowed in a mooring winch.

45、“Strong gale” is used to describe the wind force.

46、Stem is the back of the ship while stern is the front of the ship.

47、Tugs can be used to carry large vehicles.

48、AIS is used to transmit and receive identifying information automatically.

49、The master is the head of the deck department.

50、The bosun is responsible for equipment maintenance and repair work.

51、After carrying out the order “Ease to twenty”, you need to report “Ease to twenty as she goes”.

52、If it is in an emergency, you can enter the lifeboat without permission from an officer or lifeboatman.

53、Lifeboats on each side of the ship should be capable of accommodating all persons on board.

54、If a pilot embarks a ship, we need to hoist flag H and lower flag G.

55、The relieved officer is the officer who finished watchkeeping on the bridge.

56、The relieving officer should come to the bridge right one or two minutes earlier so that he can take over the change.

57、Beaufort develops a 12-wind scale to help sailors estimate the winds.

58、Wind wave is the wave motion caused by distant winds and has flat crests.

59、You can find wooden oars, SART, buoyant smoke, food, first aid kit in a lifeboat.

60、Channel 18 is the international distress calling frequency.

航海英语听力与会话口语题

1、Could you please introduce the job and responsibilities of the Chief Officer, the Second Officer, and the Third Officer?