Chapter 1. Basic Listening Skills and Strategies (1)

Exercise One

1、( ) Which of the following sentences is the one you hear?
    A、Occasionally he would stimulate their thinking by asking open and it questions.
    B、Occasionally he would stimulate their thinking by asking open-ended questions.
    C、Occasionally he would stimulate their thinking by asking open end it questions.

2、( ) Which sentence is marked with the intonation you hear?

3、( ) In the following sentences, words in bold type indicate that they are stressed. Which sentence is the one you hear?
    A、This enabled the answerer to be active rather than passive in the discussion.
    B、This enabled the answerer to be active rather than passive in the discussion.
    C、This enabled the answerer to be active rather than passive in the discussion.

4、( ) The listening process involves the perception of sounds, the recognition of words and the construction of meaning.

5、( ) Some words have similar pronunciations, with only one different phoneme.

6、( ) In listening, there are reliable cues marking every word boundary clear.

7、1. Joshua Jordan earned a ______________degree in physical therapy.

8、He hopes to open his own practice someday, and says having the expensive ______________ degree is good for his patients,

9、but hard on his ______________.

10、2. Universities say they’re caught between ___________________,

11、__________________who have the skills to find work elsewhere if they are not well paid, and falling financial support from state governments.

12、3. “There _______________________no way

13、I___________________ created a career for myself that I wanted to do without the use of student loans.”

Chapter 2. Basic Listening Skills and Strategies (2)

Exercise Two

1、( ) What does the word ‘reprimand’ mean?

2、( )What does the word ‘bustling’ mean?
    A、noisy and dirty
    B、rapid and active
    C、beautiful and colorful
    D、modern and well-developed

3、( ) What does the word ‘tedious’ mean?
    A、short and interesting
    B、long and uninteresting
    C、cold and empty
    D、rude and indifferent

4、( ) Vocabulary plays a very important role in second language listening comprehension.

5、( ) Compared with reading comprehension, it is difficult to make form-meaning connection of a word in listening comprehension. Therefore, there is no need to match the spoken form and the meaning of a word.

6、( ) Guessing the meaning of a new word is a useful strategy in listening comprehension.

7、___________ into the various concepts of time in different cultures,

8、we could get a general idea about the different ____________ on time and,

9、more deeply, the different cultures ____________ in it.

10、Realizing the differences, we should ____________ ourselves

11、to the strategy of ____________ in doing business

12、with a member from a ____________ culture,

13、in order to ____________ misunderstandings,

14、____________ or even culture shock.

Exercise Three

1、( )When mentioning Citizen Kane, The Great Dictator, Casablanca, what tense does the speaker use?
    A、present tense
    B、past tense
    C、future tense

2、According to the passage, which of the following sentences best explains what monopoly is?
    A、Monopoly is a vertical controlling strategy of large film-making companies, which solely release and project productions of their own.
    B、If a monopoly controls the film-making companies on the set-up of their own cinema lines, they will solely release and project productions of their own.
    C、Monopoly means vertically controlling the large film-making companies on the set-up of their own cinema lines with the aim of producing products of their own.

3、( )What are the three basic features of Hollywood patterned films?
    A、formulated plots, Hi-fi sound effects and illustrated visual images
    B、formulated plots, stereotyped heroes/heroines and illustrated visual images
    C、stereotyped heroes/heroines, illustrated visual images and perfect timing of film release

4、( ) Grammar is not important because it does not give meaning.

5、( ) Two sentences with exactly the same words can differ in meaning.

6、( ) Grammar is very important as it helps increase accuracy.

7、Film-making _____________from economy and high technology.

8、The US ________________ the battle field in the First World War

9、and its economy _________________during and after the war.

10、During the decade 1921–1931, sometimes called as the “golden period of silent films,” successful stars, directors, and cameramen ________________Hollywood from abroad, infusing Hollywood with new talents and different insights.

11、Movies __________________new heights in expression. Innovations in technique, content and structural forms were being introduced in films from Germany, France, and Russia.

Chapter 3. Basic Listening Skills and Strategies (3)

Exercise Four

1、( ) What does the professor recommend to do first when we begin to formulate a story?
    A、to know the characters
    B、to define the characters’ personalities
    C、to think about details
    D、to make a list of interesting people we know or have observed

2、( ) What’s purpose when the professor talks about “Say you have three friends… And let’s say…”
    A、The professor wants to illustrate that writers should know their characters as well as they know their friends.
    B、The professor wants to illustrate that writers should create characters that interact in complex ways.
    C、The professor wants to illustrate that friends do not always behave the way we expect them to behave.
    D、The professor wants to illustrate that friends' behavior is often more predictable than fictional characters' behavior.

3、( )What does the professor mainly discuss in the lecture?
    A、How to keep readers interested
    B、How to create a believable character
    C、The key differences between major and minor characters
    D、The techniques for developing short story plots

4、( ) Discourse competence refers to the ability to handle the language beyond the vocabulary level.

5、( ) The understanding of a sentence or a paragraph might be based on the understanding of the preceding sentence or paragraph.

6、( ) The word cohesive means being connected or related in a reasonable way to form a whole.

7、Alright everybody, _________________,

8、well, we're gonna __________ how to start creating the characters for the stories you’re writing.

9、One way of doing that is to come up with what’s called “a character sketch”, I don't mean a sketch like a drawing. __________ that’s obvious. It’s’s a...a sketch is a way of getting started on defining your characters’ personalities.

10、__________, how do we create fictional characters? We don’t just pull them from thin air, do we?

11、___________we don’t create them out of nothing. We base them, consciously or unconsciously, we base them on real people, or we blend several people’s traits, their attributes into one character.

12、_______when people think fiction, they may assume the characters come from the author’s imagination.

Exercise Five

1、( )What is the conversation mainly about?
    A、A lesson Matthew prepared for his students
    B、A class Matthew has been observing
    C、A term paper that Matthew has written
    D、A problem in Matthew's classroom

2、( )What can you predict when you hear the professor asking about the student’s observing a class for his approaches to education paper?
    A、They will probably talk about his understanding of effective teaching skills.
    B、They will probably talk about how to improve his study habits.
    C、They will probably talk about his language learning strategies.
    D、They will probably talk about his student loans.

3、( )What information in context can NOT help you understand the word “interdisciplinary” ?
    A、When he was teaching astronomy, Mr. Grable didn't just teach students the names of the planets. He used it as a way to teach mythology.
    B、Mr. Grable introduced Greek and Roman mythology as a way of explaining.
    C、In an astronomy class, the students also learned about the literature of Greek and Roman mythology.
    D、Mr. Grable asked his students to do a research, write a report and make a presentation about the planet they chose.

4、( ) Planning what to focus on before listening is a cognitive strategy.

5、Metacognitive strategies include note-taking, monitoring and assessing during listening.

6、( ) Listening together, sharing understanding, solving problems together and exchanging ideas belong to social and affective strategies.

7、In order to improve your listening skills, you can use certain ________ to support the listening process.

8、Before you listen, think about the ________ of the text you will hear.

9、What do you already know about it? What could possibly be the content of the text? Which words would ____________?

10、While you are listening, it is not necessary to understand every single word. Try to ________ those words that you think are less important.

11、Also, if there are words or issues that you don't understand, use your general knowledge or the ________ to find out the meaning.

12、You need to focus on ____________ and facts as well.

13、To remember the information, you’d better ____________ to help you memorize important points. Pay attention to the intonation and stress of the speaker so that you can understand what you hear better.

14、Last but not least, try to think ________.

Chapter 4. Critical Listening (1)

Exercise Six

1、( ) What is the purpose of this audio clip?
    A、To persuade
    B、To inform
    C、To instruct
    D、To describe

2、( ) What is the target audience?
    A、Computer users who do not know much about the technical means of cybercrime prevention.
    B、Software vendors who can help users deal with security and privacy settings.
    C、Computer users armed with some technical advice and common sense.
    D、Online criminals who take advantage of software flaws.

3、( ) What is the main content of this audio clip?
    A、Helping computer users to protect themselves from cyber attacks.
    B、Giving suggestions on how to choose a good computer.
    C、Giving information about online crimes.
    D、Helping users to set up their computers.

4、( ) The main purpose of a TV program on learning English pronunciation is to persuade.

5、( ) Knowing the purpose of the speaker or the listening material can help us judge what we hear.

6、( ) It is not necessary to confirm the information source which the speaker uses.

7、Well, for those of you who went out today, I don't have to tell you it was________,

8、but muggy for most of the state, with the _________temperatures in the low to mid 90s.

9、The city of Elkview had the high for the day of ________ degrees. And that's hot. I'm glad I'm working indoors today!

10、For those of you planning ________activities tomorrow, you can expect fair skies for most of Saturday with temperatures in the high 90's.

11、However, things might change by Saturday evening with a ________front moving in.

12、We can expect light scattered ________over the northern part of the state bringing slightly cooler temperatures in the eighties, but this rain should taper off by mid Sunday morning. It will be partly cloudy for most of the morning, but these clouds should move out by mid-afternoon.

13、Skies should be clear ________________

14、for those wanting to catch a glimpse of the partial lunar________. It should start at 10:47 pm. And that's all for today's weather.

Exercise Seven

1、( ) What issue is the speaker mainly discussing?
    A、The negative influence of human activity on Dodos’ habitat.
    B、The importance of how to protect the wildlife and conserve the natural world.
    C、The process during which rhinos, pandas, whales and tigers become endangered.
    D、The reason why some international organizations help to protect animals.

2、( ) What is NOT a problem mentioned by the speaker?
    A、Many animal and plant species have become extinct.
    B、Some animal species are endangered.
    C、Human activities have damaged the natural habitats of animals.
    D、Some organizations face difficulties when trying to save animals.

3、( ) According to the speaker, what actions can individuals take to help animal conservation?
    A、Reducing waste and pollution.
    B、Introducing laws aimed at deterring animal hunting.
    C、Building natural parks and reserves.
    D、Making donations to animal protection organizations.

4、( ) A question refers to a matter or situation that is difficult to handle.

5、( ) We can evaluate a problem by judging from its accuracy, relevance and significance.

6、( ) Questions, problems and issues are things that require solutions or discussions.

7、__________ is a natural process.

8、Many species had ceased to exist before humans __________.

9、However, in the last 400 years, the number of animals and plants becoming __________has reached crisis point.

10、Human population levels have risen dramatically in the same time period and man’s predatory __________

11、combined with his ruthless consumption of natural __________are directly responsible for the situation.

Chapter 5. Critical Listening (2)

Exercise Eight

1、( ) Which of the following options is the speaker’s statement?
    A、The Internet was originally developed to let the supercomputers talk to each other.
    B、People use the internet for various purposes other than communication.
    C、It is possible that the house of the Internet is not built on a stable foundation.
    D、Over 1 billion records of personal information were stolen between 2004 and 2013.

2、( ) According to the speaker, what is the main reason of the Internet being unsafe?
    A、Some vulnerabilities such as viruses are built into the architecture of the Internet.
    B、The development of the Internet is hard to predict.
    C、People are getting more and more attached to the Internet.
    D、There are false information and fake websites on the Internet.

3、( ) Which of the following options is NOT the speaker’s opinion?
    A、The Internet was not intended to be built into what it is today.
    B、We can do nothing to fortify the Internet until it is safe.
    C、The price of various devices talking to each other easily is security.
    D、The Internet has been a home to innovation and an unprecedented free exchange of ideas.

4、( ) If we judge someone’s opinion, whether he or she has sufficient information to back his or her claims or ideas should be paid attention to.

5、( ) The dodo birds went extinct a few centuries ago. This is a statement.

6、( ) Opinions are things that are known to have occurred, to exist or to be true.

7、As Internet usage continues to rise throughout the world, the ________of cybercrime also grows.

8、While some of these crimes are relatively ________and commonplace,

9、others are very________.

10、Here are a few of the more common forms of cybercrime. The most common type of cybercrime is sending ________messages. Hundreds of copies of the same message flood the Internet in an attempt to force the message on people who would not otherwise choose to receive it. Credit fraud is another common form of cybercrime.

11、Certain computer viruses can ________keystrokes

12、on your ________and send them to hackers, who can then take your social security number, credit card number and home address.

13、Harassment, or cyber bullying, is a growing problem among ________.

14、Examples of cyber bullying include sending unkind text messages or emails, spreading ________ by email (or posting malicious gossip on social networking sites) and also posting embarrassing pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles.

Exercise Nine

1、( ) According to the speaker, what is the point of understanding the concept of domestic violence?
    A、It will stop domestic violence.
    B、It helps people to take actions against domestic violence.
    C、It informs people of the negative influence of domestic violence.
    D、It increases public awareness of this issue.

2、( ) Which of the following actions can be defined as psychological abuse?
    A、Beating the victim.
    B、Having total control of all financial resources.
    C、Harassing the victim continuously.
    D、Causing the victim fear through intimidation.

3、( ) What does the speaker imply at the end of the speech?
    A、Wives do not suffer from domestic violence any more.
    B、The victims of domestic violence belong to a certain group of people.
    C、Husbands could also be the victims of domestic violence.
    D、Domestic violence can never be eliminated.

4、( ) A concept is a generalized idea expressed in symbols or in words. It is about a class of objects, attributes, occurrences, or processes.

5、( ) When we say dogs are friends of humans, we usually think of them as a mental abstraction.

6、( ) All concepts have the same level of abstraction.

7、While China has become increasingly influenced by Western culture, the traditional family structure is still highly valued and holds a __________ position in Chinese culture.

8、But, with the rapid development China has experienced over the last few decades, it appears that both the country’s __________________and family structure are changing.

9、Divorce rates in China have been _____________for ten consecutive years.

10、Last year alone saw a shocking _____________divorces.

11、This seems to have become _____________in line with developed countries in Western Europe and North America.

12、These changes in the Chinese society have also led to young people, especially those born after 1980, to feel less ____________to traditional marriage than their parents. If they are not happy in a relationship, they simply decide to get a divorce.

Chapter 6. Critical Listening (3)

Exercise Ten

1、( ) What is the assumption behind “In thinking about it, I found myself intrigued by some lessons from an unlikely source: Singapore.”?
    A、A large country is more likely to deal with racial problems better.
    B、A large country is more likely to have racial problems.
    C、A small country is more likely to deal with racial problems better.
    D、A small country is more likely to have racial problems.

2、( ) What do the living conditions of the Muslim population in Britain prove?
    A、Segregation in Britain happens by chance.
    B、Segregation is the natural tendency of the development of societies.
    C、Singapore is a usual case in terms of racial relations.
    D、Singapore is an example of a diverse society that has been able to live together.

3、( ) What is the assumption behind “We were a nation that was not meant to be.”?
    A、It is easier for people with same or similar religions, cultures and belief systems to establish a nation.
    B、Singapore’s social divide is an enduring problem.
    C、The most intrusive social policy in Singapore has turned out to be the most important.
    D、The natural workings of society rarely lead to diverse and integrated communities.

4、( ) An assumption is something that we accept as true or as certain to happen, without question or proof.

5、( ) Critical thinkers need to make assumptions that are questionable.

6、( ) Assumptions are always true.

7、Race and ethnicity are important concepts in both ________ and everyday life.

8、When one says that he is an American, a Chinese, or a Nigerian, he identifies himself with a certain kind of________. But is that a race or an ethnicity that he identifies with?

9、There are actually different definitions for race and ethnicity and social scientists argue against each other for their definitions of the two terms. The traditional definition of race and ethnicity is related to ________

10、and ________ factors respectively.

11、Race refers to a person’s ________ characteristics, such as bone structure and skin, hair, or eye color.

12、Ethnicity, however, refers to ________ factors, including nationality, regional culture, ancestry and language.

13、An example of race is brown, white, or black skin, while an example of ethnicity is German or Spanish ancestry (regardless of race). One’s race is determined by ____________

14、while one’s ethnicity is determined based on the social and cultural groups one ___________.

Exercise Eleven

1、( ) What can we infer from “the Native Americans didn’t think they were being discovered?”
    A、The Native Americans celebrated the arrival of Columbus.
    B、The Native American were there before Column arrived in the so-called New World.
    C、The Native Americans didn’t think the Earth was flat.
    D、Columbus did land on October the 12th.

2、( ) What can we infer from that the former prime minister of the Bahamas “didn’t care which island that it was as long as it was still in the Bahamas?”
    A、Columbus discovered the Bahamas Islands.
    B、Columbus didn’t make landfall in the Bahamas at all.
    C、No matter which island of the Bahamas Columbus set food on, it is a sense of national pride for the people of that country.
    D、Native Americans hold the story of Columbus in a high regard.

3、( ) According to William Fowler, how should we treat Columbus?
    A、Columbus is a heroic figure because he discovered the New world.
    B、Columbus made a greater change in the world than any man has done since the days of Julius Caesar.
    C、Columbus is to blame because of the harm he did to the indigenous people.
    D、Columbus was a man of his times whose experience was a cultural encounter.

4、( ) In listening, inferences refer to a piece of information that is known to be true.

5、( ) As a critical listener, we should be able to check whether the inferences made are consistent with each other.

6、( ) Inferences are always based on information.

7、New York and Chicago will mark this day with__________

8、and celebrations of Christopher Columbus’ voyage and his Italian__________,

9、and some will __________the day

10、calling for a __________of the impact that

11、that voyage had on __________American communities.

12、So, why the __________stories? Well, we wanted to take this opportunity to brush up on some of the facts about Christopher Columbus that we may never have learned or have forgotten from school.

Chapter 7. Critical Listening (4)

Exercise Twelve

1、( ) What are the possible consequences of obesity based on the information of this video?
    A、heart disease, respiratory disease, stroke, and certain cancers
    B、insomnia, heart disease, diabetes and stroke
    C、AIDS, diabetes, stroke, and certain cancers
    D、heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and certain cancers

2、( ) According to Nancy Snyderman, a person’s eating habits are related to his or her_______.
    A、sense of security
    B、aging speed
    D、exercising habits

3、( ) What can you infer from Nancy Snyderman’s argument about America’s obesity epidemic?
    A、She is not optimistic about the status quo of obesity in the U.S.
    B、She thinks it is pointless to lose weight.
    C、She thinks it is too late to fight with obesity-related disease.
    D、She worries that obesity epidemic will definitely lead to a decline of national life expectancy of the U.S.

4、( ) Implications and consequences are possible results of an action, event and decision that follow our questioning.

5、( ) A skilled critical listener knows how to search for negative as well as positive implications and infer more than what is actually implied.

6、( ) There is no difference between what a statement or situation actually implies and what we infer from them.

7、Anyone who has tried to lose weight through ________ knows how difficult it is,

8、and scientists have yet to develop a magic ________ that keeps the kilos off permanently.

9、Now researchers are beginning to understand why ________ weight loss is so hard. They believe it has to do with damage to the part of the brain that’s involved in weight control.

10、If ________ people would just stop overeating, switch to a healthful diet and start exercising, they would lose weight. But if they do, they may quickly gain it back again.

11、The reason, say researchers, is not a lack of ________ but injury to brain cells, or neurons, in the hypothalamus,

12、a structure deep in the brain that helps control a number of body functions including ________ and weight.

Exercise Thirteen

1、( ) What is the speaker’s point of view when talking about the Internet’s influence?
    A、the Internet’s influence on information
    B、the Internet’s influence on our social life
    C、the Internet’s influence on our brain
    D、the Internet’s influence on our behavior

2、( ) There is a scene depicting a busy and chaotic online life at the beginning of the video. What’s the purpose of this scene?
    A、The speaker wants to show us that the Internet is good for lots of things and it should be celebrated.
    B、The speaker wants to show us that the Internet will control our mind.
    C、The speaker wants to show us that we cannot focus our thinking on one thing for a long time in today’s information-rich environment.
    D、The speaker wants to show us that the Internet is beneficial to our long-term memory.

3、( ) According to the speaker, what is the consequence if we use our mind to search the Internet very quickly, find information, and then forget it very quickly?
    A、Our long-term memory will be hurt severely.
    B、Our humanity will be at risk.
    C、We will be slower when making decisions.
    D、The environment that the Internet creates for us will be too crowded.

4、( ) A point of view refers to the process of our thinking.

5、( ) Our ideas are shaped by our points of view.

6、( ) We human beings can view a person or an event from every single vantage point at the same time.

7、We spend so much time on ________ like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.

8、And with the rise of ________ computing, we are literally connecting almost 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

9、Advanced technology and ________ design has made it way too easy

10、to share things with our friends and________,

11、making it the perfect environment for almost a domino-effect to occur on all levels of ____________

12、with the perfect piece of shareable________.